Mobile technology has changed the way we do business, communications, internet, promote your business than by using your cell phone as a marketing tool. On the whole, phone is transforming technology, and you may be one of the people who benefited by using it. From your phones to your car stereos, getting a phone can be a major disruption in the way you do things.
Mobile Phones market is declining according to many reports. Mobiles may not be as popular as they once were, but they are still a very important part of our daily lives. Whether it is in the form of a smartphone or a tablet, mobile phones are always there, always useful and are still incredibly popular.
What happened in the past may be completely different from the way it will be from now, but that doesn’t mean that there aren’t any lessons to be learned. Almost everyone knows who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell but in this article, we are going to learn about the history of mobiles, evaluation of cell phones and hidden characters who are given their important contribution to the mobile phones world and make it possible to speak from anywhere and helps to become the phones to smartphones nowadays.
1. Reginald Fessenden
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (born 6 October 1866, East Bolton, Canada East – died 22 July 1932, Hamilton, Bermuda) was an Electrical Engineer and a founder who performed a miracle: He made the first wireless telephone device. He was the first to transmit a human voice over the radio a length of 1.6 km (one mile) for the early moment using amplitude modulation. His message was:
“Hello. One, two, three, four. Is it snowing where you are, Mr. Thiessen? If it is telegraph back and let me know.”
The sound was low quality, but this nonetheless was an amazing scientific achievement, sending messages from one radio tower to another in year 1900. His also the first transatlantic transmission in 1906, the first broadcast of entertainment, and in year 1906.
Fessenden also found out another important finding, an electrolytic detector device, which he approved as a “barretter detector” in 1903. The electrolytic detector improved sound reception over radio waves. Fessenden radio receivers were common in the early years of radio.
Fessenden was a gifted student. He attended several schools in his youth. He left military school at the age of 14 to work in a bank because he was too young to go to college. He later taught mathematics at Bishop’s College School while conducting high school textbook classes. Fessenden also studied natural science and won a scholarship to Bishop’s College. However, he quit school at the age of 18 to graduate to become a principal at the Whitney Institute in Bermuda. It was in Bermuda that Fessenden met and later married Helen May Trott.
He is also know as Canadian radio pioneer who on Christmas Eve in 1906 broadcast the first music program and voice that had been broadcast in remote areas.
2. Martin Cooper
Martin Cooper, nicknamed Marty Cooper, (born December 26, 1928, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), is an American Engineer who led the 1972–73 team that developed and invented the first cell phone and made his first phone call on the earth. Cooper is widely regarded as the father of mobile phones.
To know him better, let’s dive into his educational life. Cooper graduated from the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in Chicago with a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in the year 1950. After graduation, Cooper joined the U.S. Navy also served in the Korean War. After the war, he joined the Teletype Corporation, and in 1954 began his career in Motorola. He obtained a master’s degree in electrical engineering from IIT (1957). At Motorola, Cooper has worked on several projects involving wireless communication, such as the early radio-controlled traffic light system, commissioned in 1960, and the first hand-held police radios, launched in 1967. Cooper later served as vice president, and the company’s board of directors of research and development (1978–83).
Mobile telephones were first introduced by the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) in the year 1946.
However, in one area only 11 or 12 channels were available, so users often had to wait to use the system. Another weakness of the early cell phones was that the amount of power required to use them would not be supplied only by car batteries. So, they were not mobile phones but only car phones.
The first cell phone call was made in St. Louis. Louis on June 17, 1946, from a telephone wreck. That was the first “Mobile Radio Telephone” (car phone) device.
3. Eric Tigerstedt
Eric Magnus Campbell Tigerstedt (born August 14, 1887, Helsinki, Finland – died April 20, 1925, New York City, New York, U.S) was a Finnish inventor in the early 20th century, and renamed “Thomas Edison of Finland”. He was the first to use effective sound-on-film technology, and in this process, he made significant improvements in the magnifying properties of the vacuum valve. After seeing the artistic presentation of the Lumière brothers as a nine-year-old boy in Helsinki in 1896, he was inspired to bring the sound to still images.
Tigerstedt shifted to Germany to continue his studies. He completed his high school education and began his studies in electrical engineering at Friedrichs Polytechnikum in Köthen. After graduating in 1911, he returned to Finland with his fiancée Marjatta Nybom, whom he had met and fell in love with while he was in Köthen. He was studying violin in Switzerland and met Tigersted through his brother Albert Nybom, who was also a student in Köthen and a classmate in Tigerstedt. However, the marriage between Tigerstedt and Marjatta Nybom was dissolved in 1912.
Tigerstedt also predicted future inventions such as televisions and cell phones, and in 1917, he patented what he described as:
“pocket-size, folding telephone with a very thin carbon microphone”.
Tigerstedt was granted a total of 71 patents in several countries between 1912 and 1924.
Additionally, Tigerstedt has tried in many places. He made a new edition of a shotgun that would not be shot in the thumb and that counted the value of the shot. Unfortunately, he was permanently in need of money, and he did not have the financial means to secure a patent.
4. William Rae Young
William Rae Young, Jr (born October 30, 1915 – died March 7, 2008) was an American engineer who worked under an engineer named Douglas H. Ring, who led the team at Nokia Bell Laboratories, was part of AT&T at the time. A ring that explains Rae Young’s concept of the hexagonal cell concept of the cellular system. Young also known as the “Inventor of Cell Phone”, was granted more than 14 patents.
Young lived and worked in New York City for many years until he and his family moved to Summit, New Jersey where he traveled by train to New York City.
Young graduated from the University of Michigan in 1937 with a B.S. degree in electrical engineering. After graduating, Young started working for Bell Labs in what became his lifelong career.
In 1947, Young suggested that four-dimensional radio-shaped radio towers would support a cell phone network and the design which allows for low-power transmitters to handle calls across the mobile phone networks. It also calculated the offer, at which point the caller moved from one broadcast tower to another. But even though the theory was plausible, the technology to make it happen was not. It may take more than 10 years for the next development.
Also in the same year 1947, AT&T introduced a mobile service between New York and Boston. Calls are known as “push-to-talk” calls. The project was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), but became a major failure due to major disruptions.
5. Donald Cox
Donald C. Cox (born November 22, 1937) is a wireless telecommunications research engineer, currently a professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he leads the “Wireless Communications Research Group”. His work in disseminating many methods and other radio problems has been the basis for the development of phone technology.
In the years 1959 and 1960, cox received a B.S degree in electrical engineering from the University of Nebraska and he stayed on there, got an M.S degree mostly in Microwave Electronics, respectively.
After 3 years working on the construction of a communications system at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, he studied at Stanford University, where he received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 1968. Next he went to work at Bell Labs. He became part of Bellcore (now Telcordia Technologies) when it was founded in 1984, and remained there until 1993, when he left to take up a position of education at Stanford. He has been a member of the IEEE since its inception, and is actively involved in the IEEE Communications Society.
Cox received honours and awards such as :
- Honorary Dr. of Science, University of Nebraska (1983)
- Co-recipient Marconi Prize (1983)
- IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal (1993)
- Member of National Academy of Engineering (1994)
- IEEE Third Millennium Medal (2000)
You can also read here an interview of Donald C. Cox at IEEE History Center, Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ on 28 September 1999 by interviewer David Hochfelder.
The evolution of cellular mobile phones to becoming smartphones
In the above feature image, you can see the “Two decades of evolution of mobile phones”, from a 1992 Motorola 8900X-2 to the 2014 iPhone 6 Plus. The first generation phones are very bulky in size and heavy in weight with no internet, no camera and without any special features, but at this time, we can see how the mobile industry is growing year by year, how the technology spreads its wings to around the world. Everybody can be able to surf the internet on phone device and people may use and can enjoy the different types of technological advancements such as the use of social media, playing games, clicking pictures on a cell phone and many more which was not possible and even we can’t imagine a long years ago.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Why do we answer the phone with “Hello”?
Answer: When the cell phone was built, Alexander Graham Bell wanted people to use the word ahoy as a greeting. It is said that his rival Thomas Edison suggested that we say hello, and Bell insisted on holding on to the ahoy, and well – you know which one stuck, That’s why we call the word hello first on the call.
(Interesting trivia: hello-girls was the name of the telephone exchange staff.)
- How much did the first handheld cell phone cost?
Answer: Motorola DynaTAC is the first publicly commercially available cell phone from 1983 to 1984. It costs around $3,995 in 1984, its commercial release year, equal to $9,952 in 2020. To be surprised, A full charge required around 10 hours, and it offered 30 minutes of talk time. It additionally offered a LED to show for dialling or review of one of 30 phone numbers.
- How powerful are mobile phones?
Answer: Your cell phone is more powerful than a spaceship. Keep in mind the power locked inside your present-day cell phone, It’s unimaginable. The normal phone currently has more registering power than the PCs utilized for the Apollo 11 moon arriving, as per information from NASA.
- How many times a day do you check your phone?
Answer: According to the Daily Mail Online’s report, We check our cell phones around 110 times a day. A screen lock application shows that the normal individual opens their phone multiple times (110) every day. In addition, the ‘top’ opening time occurs somewhere in the range of 5 pm to 8 pm!.
In conclusion, in daily routine, the phone becomes an important part of our life but we should also use it on limited times and not to use it all the time by day and night it can be affected to human eyes and the harmful cellular radiation might be affected to the human body. We should give priority to our health care both physically and mentally.
Nowadays everybody is on the internet and social media but many of them were not aware of fraudulent and phishing messages by an attacker might be successfully able to take over the account of the user. In this article, we can see how the cybercrime percentage is increased. So we should be aware of this and prevent cyber attacks.
I hope this blog is knowledgeable and you have enjoyed it, Thank you for taking the time to read the article 🙂
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